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Strawberry varieties "First grader" is included in the State register of the Russian Federation for the West Siberian region. This is a garden strawberry of medium-late ripening and universal purpose. Description of the variety was given by the originator - the Siberian Research Institute of Horticulture named after M. A. Lisavenko. When the variety was developed 25 years ago, the strawberry variety Fairy and the Torpeda variety were involved. The authors are experienced breeders A.D. Zabelin and N.P. Stolnikov.
Strawberry, or garden strawberry, "First grader" refers to non-permanent varieties and has very powerful, upright, well-leafy bushes. Mustache of medium size, numerous, have a dark green color. The leaves are quite large, dark green in color, have a weak ribbing and a noticeable waxy coating. Petiole part thick, with characteristic strong pubescence. Flowering bisexual. The flowers have a whitish-cream color, rounded shape, slight waviness. Inflorescences are semi-spreading and multi-flowered.
Berries of medium size, weighing up to 7-7.3 g. They are characterized by a regular rounded obtuse form, do not have a neck. Their appearance is very spectacular. The main staining is red, with maroon grooves. The strawberry pulp is red, with a pleasant sweet and sour taste. The tasting score is 4 points.
Indicators of average productivity of garden strawberries "First Grader" with proper and proper care can reach 80 kg / ha. The advantage of the variety is good resistance to freezing of plants in the winter, as well as low susceptibility to many diseases.
How to plant strawberries
Strawberry garden "First grader" propagates quite easily, relatively undemanding to care and the main soil and climatic conditions. The variety produces the highest possible yield with a competent choice of a place for culture on the site. It should be noted that strawberry plantings should be free, well ventilated. For garden strawberries, the optimal distance between the rows is approximately 50-60 cm. A distance of 25-30 cm should be maintained between the bushes.
Almost any soil is suitable for strawberries of the First-Grader class. the main thing is that it is well fertilized, not over-dried and not too wet. With insufficient soil moisture, planting holes should be shed abundantly with warm water, and then you need to carefully spread the root system of the plant and sprinkle it to the central bud with fertile soil. After planting, strawberry bushes should be shaded and the temperature and humidity regime should be carefully observed. Planting seedlings is necessary in cloudy weather.
Garden strawberry varieties "First Grader" needs good care, which is the key to good productivity. Strawberries are very responsive to such agricultural practices as timely top dressing, irrigation with warm water and loosening the soil.
Abundant watering is necessary for plants during the extension of peduncles, during the phase of mass flowering and fruiting, as well as after the last harvest. At the same time, strawberries should also be fed with basic fertilizers. It should be remembered that fertilizers should be applied only after abundant watering.
A high risk of damage to berries by rot requires timely and competent preventive measures in the form of spraying bushes with modern insecticidal preparations. Mulching the soil around strawberry bushes greatly facilitates the maintenance and increases the yield by about 30-40%, and also helps to accelerate the ripening of berries by an average of five days.
Strawberry called "First grader" has become the favorite of many summer residents and earned a large number of positive reviews. According to the experience of gardeners, the average yield of this variety from one hundredth of the planting area can vary from 220 to 240 kg. The berries of the first crop grow especially large: their weight reaches 35 g. At the mass harvesting phase, berries can weigh 17-25 g. Strawberry chopping is observed after the fourth crop, but a beautiful shape and even coloring remain for more than six crops. The taste of ripe berries is very good. The transportability is high due to the high density of the pulp.
Strawberry: growing under hay
Gardeners note such positive characteristics of this variety as winter hardiness and drought tolerance, good resistance to disease and pest damage. Of the shortcomings, the berries are affected by gray rot in a cool and very rainy summer. However, this minus of the popular variety of garden strawberry "First Grader" is easily eliminated by the timely implementation of protective and preventive measures.