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Cucumber is a popular vegetable that is in demand among gardeners and consumers. The most preferred hybrid varieties are marked with the F1 symbol. This means that the seeds of the vegetable are obtained by crossing two species and have their best qualities. The main ones are fast ripening time, yield and excellent taste.
Breeders are constantly working on new varieties of cucumbers that have the required characteristics and disease resistance. One of these hybrids, approved for cultivation and included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements in the Russian Federation, is the domestic hybrid Pogrebok.
Characteristics of the species
The early ripening high-yielding variety Pogrebok F1 is popular among gardeners due to its biological and commercial properties. The hybrid species is grown under film shelters that protect vegetables from frost, and in the open field.
The main characteristics of a cucumber:
- the yield of a plant under favorable conditions can reach 15 - 17 kg from 1 m2 - due to such an increase, the variety is classified as high-yielding;
- the ripening of vegetables occurs quickly - after 43 - 48 days from planting in the soil, the first crop can be harvested;
- the resistance of a hybrid to diseases is the main advantage of breeding work;
- a universal type suitable for fresh consumption, for canning and pickles.
The resulting hybrid has an indeterminate bush and a medium-branched structure of lashes with small leaves. The plant is characterized by a mixed type of flowering with a predominance of female flowers, especially on the lateral lashes.
Disease resistance of the hybrid
The description of the species, as the most disease-resistant domestic hybrid, is confirmed by the numerous reviews of gardeners growing vegetables.
The plant is practically immune to downy mildew, cladosporium.
The general rules of soil preparation, processing of young plants to prevent the development of diseases should be observed. You can not plant vegetables in the ground where beans or carrots used to grow in order to prevent the spread of white rot that affects these crops. As soon as symptoms of powdery mildew or white rot are found, the leaves of the plant should be immediately sprayed with copper-containing preparations.
Sometimes the leaves of the cucumber Cellar are affected by the melon aphid. Spraying with a solution of laundry soap or modern drugs such as Biotlin, Fufanon will help to cope with the parasite.
Features of growing plants
Almost all cucumbers are thermophilic and moisture-loving plants, the Pogrebok variety is no exception. Before starting to grow, it is necessary to exclude hypothermia: young plants cannot withstand it.
It is better to plant seeds for seedlings at the beginning of May, and in open soil at the end of May, the sprouts will appear already on the 3rd - 6th day. The place for germination of seeds should be well lit, protected from winds.
You can buy ready-made cucumber seedlings and plant them in the soil heated by the sun to a constant temperature of 18 ° C. In the event of a cold snap, the sprouts are covered with a film. It is optimal to germinate the seeds in early May, and plant the sprouts in loose, humus-rich soil in late May - early June according to the 40x40 cm scheme.
The plant is demanding for watering, which is best done in the morning or in the evening after sunset. The optimum ambient temperature for rapid growth and development of fruits is 25 - 30 ° C, below 14 ° C or above 42 ° C, the plant stops developing. The vegetable culture must be periodically fed with nitrogen-containing fertilizers and the soil must be loosened. Flowers are pollinated by bees and other insects.
The first cucumbers ripen 1.5 months after germination. Fruits of a hybrid type of cylindrical shape, tapering towards the base, up to 11 cm long, up to 4 cm in diameter and weighing up to 100 g.
The surface of the cucumber is bumpy, green with white stripes and brown tubercles. With proper care, the plant bears fruit before the onset of cold weather.
It is recommended to harvest the fruits in the early morning, when they are the strongest and most resilient, gently tearing them off the stem without damaging the fragile lashes. Cucumbers must not be allowed to overripe, so as not to stop the processes of fruit formation. The more often the crop is harvested, the more new ovaries will form on the plant.
The structure of the fruit, excellent taste and lack of bitterness determine the versatility of the Pogrebok variety and allow it to be used for making fresh salads and preserving, and zelents salted in barrels received the most positive reviews. Pickles and gherkins are more often used for pickling, and large fruits are used for barrel pickling. Strong vegetables can be transported well.