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The Figaro strawberry is considered the work of Dutch scientists. At the same time, the culture is characterized by excellent tasty qualities, large berries and excellent transportability. At the same time, the plant is considered quite demanding to care for and does not tolerate harsh climatic conditions. In order for strawberries to develop normally and not get sick, agrotechnical recommendations must be strictly observed.
Description and brief characteristics of the Figaro variety
The plant has strong, straight shoots and large light green leaves. It is characterized by powerful stalks, which include a maximum of 8 flowers and are located high above the foliage. The berries are large and weigh more than 20 grams. They are characterized by a conical shape and shine. From above, the fruits are covered with a red-orange skin.
Figaro is resistant to root damage and the development of gray rot. At the same time, the plant is characterized by moderate sensitivity to the appearance of powdery mildew. When grown in the middle lane, garden strawberries easily tolerate the cold.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
Strawberries bear fruit abundantly within a month. It is characterized by a high yield. From 1 bush, you can get 700 grams of fruit.
Positive and negative sides
beautiful and fragrant fruits;
a small number of deformed fruits;
resistance to fungi;
ability to be stored for a long time.
poor resistance to frost - in the middle lane the plant needs to be covered;
difficulties with reproduction;
poor resistance to heat and drought;
tendency to small fruit - observed in violation of agrotechnical rules
susceptibility to verticillus and rotting of the heart.
The variety is difficult to grow in the south or in regions with cold winters. The culture requires a mild climate without sudden drops in temperature.
Growing and caring for strawberries
Strawberries of this variety are recommended to be planted in well-lit areas with fertile soil. This should be done in early spring as planting in the fall will greatly reduce yields.
When landing, you should adhere to these rules:
- seedling soil should be loose and fertile;
- the soil must contain a sufficient amount of nutrients;
- seedlings should be planted in a checkerboard pattern, observing an interval of 20-25 centimeters;
- planting work is recommended to be performed in cloudy weather;
- planting recesses should correspond in size to the root system;
- the roots should be carefully spread over the entire hole;
- after planting, cover the beds with special material.
It is not recommended to grow strawberries in the same garden for a long time. After 5 years, the landing site should be changed. At the same time, the maximum yield parameters are observed in the first 2 years of cultivation.
Watering and fertilizing
During flowering and ripening of strawberries, daily watering is required. In hot weather, this should be done in the morning or evening. Timely fertilization is of no small importance. It is best to combine mineral preparations with organics. To do this, it is worth scattering manure and wood ash between the rows. This helps to increase the number of fruits and buds.
From mineral fertilizers it is recommended to use "Agricola" - this can be done during the entire growing season. It is also permissible to use "Azofoska". It is used before the beginning of flowering bushes. In total, plantings should be fed 4 times. An excess of nutrients will not benefit the plant.
Loosening, weed control
In order for the strawberries to develop normally and not get sick, the beds need to be weeded systematically. Weeds consume crop resources and lead to dampness. This becomes the cause of various pathologies.
Systematic loosening of the beds is of no small importance. This helps to increase air access to the root system and improve the absorption of nutrients from the soil structure.
Strawberries of this variety are characterized by a minimum number of mustaches. In this case, unnecessary ones must be removed in time. Otherwise, they will take nutrients from the mother bushes.
Preparing for the winter period
In the fall, it is recommended to start preparing for the winter. To do this, you should do the following:
- remove old and diseased leaves;
- thin out the beds;
- treat planting with insecticides;
- cover the beds with mulching agent and cover the bushes with agrofibre.
Protection against diseases and pests
The variety is resistant to root lesions, gray rot. It is slightly affected by powdery mildew. At the same time, the culture is prone to rotting of the heart and verticillosis. To prevent planting, it is worth sprinkling with Bordeaux liquid 1%. This is done in early spring. To avoid pathologies, it is important to ensure that the soil is not waterlogged. At the same time, it is recommended to remove weeds in time.
Garlic has pronounced fungicidal properties. It needs to be planted between the bushes. It is important to take into account that garlic, onions and beets are capable of provoking an outbreak of nematode attacks. If these parasites have been previously seen, it is not worth planting such plants. Many insects are frightened off by tobacco powder, which must be scattered over the garden.
It is permissible to propagate strawberries by seed method or tendrils. Most often, the vegetative method is used. For this, the sockets should be cut off from the main plant and buried in moist soil. For dividing, it is worth using bushes 3-4 years old.
Harvesting and storage
Harvesting is recommended immediately after the fruit ripens. This must be done carefully so as not to damage the berries. It is permissible to keep them in the refrigerator for 2-3 days. If you want to preserve the harvest for a long time, the berries are dried or frozen. Figaro strawberries are distinguished by their excellent taste and high yield. To successfully grow a crop, you need to properly care for it.