How to properly plant and grow a rose from a cutting at home

How to properly plant and grow a rose from a cutting at home

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There are several options for solving the question of how to grow roses from a cuttings. This breeding method is convenient and allows you to achieve good survival rate of flowers in the open field. In addition, if the plant is propagated and germinated by cuttings, it is possible to preserve the features of the parent rose: the shape of the buds, aroma and other characteristics. But for this it is necessary to choose a suitable planting material.

What are the benefits of grafting?

The method of propagating roses by cuttings has several pronounced advantages:

  • the future flower retains the characteristics of the parent plant, so that you can understand even before planting what the rose will eventually turn out to be;
  • lack of lateral stems (the rose will not curl as it develops);
  • reduction in costs, since several cuttings can be cut from one bush;
  • high survival rate (if you plant a rose by cuttings, then no more than 20% of the shoots die);
  • perennial flowering (if the grafting conditions are correctly followed, the plant will bloom for up to 10 years).

Most popular varieties of roses are suitable for grafting. This method is also popular because the cuttings are able to withstand long journeys..

The main danger of this method is that, when using hybrid varieties, it is difficult to maintain the properties of the parent plant. This is explained by the fact that the properties of the flower that formed the root system are inherited.

When is the best time to root?

Gardeners recommend cutting roses in early spring or autumn. It is impossible to root shoots in August or September. This is explained by the fact that the active development of shoots begins in the summer. The growth of the stems takes a lot of the vitality of the rose. In this regard, by the beginning of the autumn period, the plant weakens, which negatively affects rooting.

In winter, the flower is not able to reproduce. During this period, the rose goes into "hibernation", because of which the root system, after placing the cuttings in soil or water, does not develop.

How to choose the right stalk?

In order to avoid problems in the future when growing roses when selecting cuttings, it is recommended to adhere to the following recommendations:

  • do not cut off young or stiff shoots;
  • do not plant imported roses recently brought from abroad;
  • for cuttings use strong shrubs, without signs of disease and wilting.

Domestic roses that have undergone long acclimatization to Russian conditions are considered optimal for propagation by cuttings. When choosing a suitable plant, it is recommended to focus on the state of the stems: the presence of breaking off thorns indicates the maturity of the rose and readiness for planting.

Preparing cuttings for planting

For grafting, it is recommended to cut off fresh shoots that have appeared in the current year. The stem must have at least two fully formed buds. For cuttings, a shoot 15-30 centimeters long and 5-10 millimeters thick is suitable.

Cut the stems with a garden pruner or knife. It is necessary that the tool is sharp enough: the blade should not flatten the stem of the rose. Before starting the procedure, it is recommended to disinfect a knife or pruner using alcohol or boiling water.

It is necessary to cut off in the middle or bottom of the shoot. The tops are poorly rooted. You need to trim from above in a straight line, retreating 2-6 millimeters from the kidneys, from below - at an angle of 45 degrees. At the base of the cuttings obtained, leaves and thorns should be removed.

If weak or insufficiently elastic branches are detected during probing, such material must be destroyed. These signs indicate infection of the parent plant. At the end of the procedure, you need to dip the cutting into a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Then the upper end of the rose should be treated with wax or paraffin. And the bottom of the shoot must be placed in a solution to stimulate growth.

As the latter, use:

  1. Honey water. You will need to take a teaspoon of honey and mix with 500 milliliters of warm water.
  2. Yeast extract. You need to take 100 grams of yeast and mix with a liter of warm water. To speed up the growth of the rose, it is recommended to add a teaspoon of sugar to this composition.
  3. Willow infusion. To prepare this stimulant, you will need to place several branches in the water and wait for the roots to appear. The resulting liquid is then used to stimulate the growth of the cuttings.
  4. Aloe juice. You can get this composition by grinding a few leaves in a blender and squeezing the gruel through cheesecloth.

Using the given stimulants, you can achieve at home the appearance of the first roots in rose cuttings in 10-12 days. In addition to folk remedies, gardeners use store products. When using such stimulants, you must strictly follow the attached instructions.

How to keep cuttings of roses in winter?

Gardeners use the following methods to maintain the viability of the shoots during the winter:

  • rooting in moss;
  • storage in a cold room or refrigerator;
  • storage in pots;
  • landing in the ground on the street.

When choosing the first option, you must first treat the moss with a solution of Fitosporin, and then wrap the rose branches in sphagnum and newspaper. At the end, the planting material is placed in a cold room until spring.

For home storage, it is recommended to use the latter option. To prevent the planting material from dying during the winter, you will need to do the following:

  1. Pour a layer of expanded clay and a soil mixture intended for roses into pots or other containers.
  2. Dip the cutting into water and a growth stimulant, plant in the ground.
  3. Wrap the container with the plant in a warm blanket and place the boxes on the balcony.
  4. Cover the cuttings with cellophane. Before the onset of cold weather, periodically water the ground and remove the film.

During severe frosts, the boxes must be moved to a warm room or the cuttings must be covered with jars.

Another option for storing planting material is suitable for owners of private plots. This method requires the following steps:

  1. Dig a hole 15 centimeters deep on the site.
  2. Cover the bottom of the hole with a cotton cloth and place the prepared shoots on top.
  3. Cover the shoots with a cotton cloth and cover the hole with earth.

At the end of the manipulations, it is recommended to mark the storage location on the site. This will make it easier to find plants after spring.

How to root?

Several methods are used to obtain the viable roots necessary for planting a rose in open ground. Each of the proposed options requires strict adherence to the given algorithm.

In pots

It is recommended to germinate in pots, observing the following algorithm of actions:

  1. Rinse and dry containers for germination.
  2. At the bottom of the pots (it is recommended to use these containers) pour drainage and soil mixture intended for roses.
  3. Deepen the shoots into the soil, leaving at least one bud on the surface.
  4. Cover the shoots with polyethylene, making holes in the foil for air circulation.
  5. Keep the soil moist until the first leaves appear.

This method is considered optimal, as it allows you to painlessly transplant a rose from pots into open ground.

In water

The procedure is as follows:

  1. Boil and cool the water, add charcoal for disinfection and a solution that stimulates the development of the root system.
  2. Dip the prepared shoots into a jar with a solution, avoiding contact of the leaves with the mixture.
  3. Cover the container with polyethylene or foil. Thanks to this, an impromptu greenhouse is created inside the bank.
  4. Remove containers in a dark and warm room.

In the future, it is recommended to change the aqueous solution every 2-3 days until callus (light build-up) forms on the surface of the cuttings. When the length of the roots reaches 5 millimeters, the rose should be transplanted into a pot with loose soil.

In potato tubers

This growing method requires the following:

  1. Pick up medium-sized potatoes and cut holes in the vegetables, the diameter of which matches the thickness of the shoots.
  2. Put a drainage layer in containers and cover the top with river sand for 10 centimeters.
  3. Insert roses into vegetables, and place the planting material in a prepared container.
  4. Pour the soil mixture on top so that one kidney remains on the surface.
  5. Cover each stalk with a jar.

After that, it is necessary to water the soil mixture daily with clean water. After 2-2.5 weeks, the plant is ready for transplanting into open ground.

In the package

For this growing method, you will need to moisten the newspaper leaves and wrap the cuttings completely in paper. Then you need to put such packages in a plastic bag and send them to a dark room, the temperature in which does not fall below +18 degrees. Before the roots appear, it is necessary to regularly spray the newspaper with a spray bottle. As soon as the roots grow 5 centimeters, the flower can be planted in the ground.

How to root a rose from a bouquet?

To germinate a rose from a donated bouquet, you can use any of the recommendations given earlier.

How to care for planted cuttings?

The planted shoots require periodic watering. If the method of growing in water is used, then it is necessary to change the solution every 2-3 days..

Transplanting roses to a permanent place

A month before disembarking, the garden must be dug up. Shortly before transferring the plant to open ground, add a mixture of sand (1 part), humus (1 part) and turf (2 parts) to the ground.

The depth of the holes in which the rose is planted depends on the size of the root system. If low-growing varieties are grown, then you can dig holes by 30-40 centimeters. For large roses, holes up to 200 centimeters deep will be required.

After planting the plant in the garden, it is recommended to water the ground around the flower stem with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, which will prevent decay of the shoots. Sprouted cuttings should be transferred to the site in cloudy weather.

Flower care after planting

After planting a rose in the ground, you will need to regularly moisten the soil and make additional fertilizing, which include magnesium, calcium, nitrogen, phosphorus and magnesium. It is recommended to fertilize the plant at least four times per season. In case of a sharp drop in air temperature, young flowers should be covered with glass, plastic wrap or a jar.

Problems, difficulties and solutions

Young shoots are sensitive to temperature extremes and changes in humidity levels. If you do not create suitable conditions for growth, then after 1.5 months the cuttings will die. To avoid this, it is recommended to gradually remove the film from the pots, thereby contributing to the acclimatization of the flowers.

The second common problem that gardeners face is the lack of rooting. This leads to the death of the rose. The use of growth stimulants and planting in loose soil at a temperature of +22, +25 degrees helps to avoid such consequences.

The third common problem is blackening of the shoots. This phenomenon often indicates a fungal infection. The introduction of a weak solution of potassium permanganate into the soil immediately after planting flowers in the garden helps to prevent infection.

Watch the video: Easiest Way To Grow Rose From Cuttings - Start To Finish (May 2022).