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Early varieties of cucumbers are very popular in our country. The insufficiently warm and long summer period in most of Russia makes its own adjustments to the cultivation of vegetable products and suggests the earliest possible harvest.
General characteristics and ripening dates
Varieties and hybrids of cucumbers are currently presented in a huge assortment. There are not only universal, but also zoned, as well as cucumbers intended for open or protected ground.
Depending on how long the formation and ripening of the crop takes place, the varieties of this vegetable crop are divided into the following types:
- super-early or ultra-early varieties and hybrid forms with a standard growing season of not more than 40 days;
- early ripening varieties and hybrid forms with a standard growing season of not more than 45 days;
- mid-ripening varieties and hybrid forms with a standard growing season from 45 to 50 days;
- late ripening varieties and hybrid forms with a standard growing season of more than 50 days.
Early ripening varieties and hybrids of cucumbers are divided, if possible, into universal, salad and for preservation, or pickling.
The best varieties of cucumbers
Early varieties of cucumbers for open ground
For a very early and quick harvest of such a vegetable crop as cucumbers, it is recommended to grow early varieties and hybrids that are planted in open ground from about the second decade of May.
Choosing a variety of early cucumbers for open ground is not as easy as it might seem at first glance. However, there are varieties and hybrids proven by the time and experience of many vegetable growers that guarantee a high-quality early harvest at minimal cost.
|Title||Plant||Fetus||Type of pollination||Productivity||Sustainability|
|"Goosebump F1" from "Gavrish"||Tufted flowering type, mid-height hybrid||Coarse-tuberous, with small black spikes, up to 12 cm long, without bitterness||Self-fertile||6.5 kg per plant||Very resistant to NMR, LMR|
|Bathory||Medium-height, medium-braided, with bundle ovaries||Cylindrical, coarse, without bitterness, up to 10 cm long||Parthenocarpic||More than 10 kg with m²||Scab resistant, HMR and LMR|
|"Aquarius"||Srednerosly, srednopleisty grade||Elongated-oval, tuberous, without yellowing, without bitterness, up to 13.5 cm long||Bee pollinated||More than 2.5 kg with m²||Resistant to LMR, NMR, olive and brown spotting|
|"Diva"||Medium-height, medium-braided, with bundle ovaries||Cylindrical, tuberous, without bitterness, with a dyne up to 12 cm||Bee pollinated||More than 10 kg with m²||Resistant to tobacco mosaic virus and powdery mildew|
|"Elegant"||Srednerosly, srednopleisty grade||Elliptical, small tuberous, crunchy, without bitterness, up to 13 cm long||Bee pollinated||About 6.5 kg with m²||Olive spot resistant|
|"Cascade"||Srednerosly, srednopleisty, with group ovaries||Cylindrical, tuberous, fragrant, juicy, without bitterness, up to 10 cm long||Bee pollinated||More than 10 kg with m²||Resistant to LMR|
|"Little"||Strong-growing, medium-graded variety||Cylindrical, rarely or coarse-humped, white-spiked, without bitterness, up to 13 cm long||Bee pollinated||About 4.5 kg with m²||Resistant to bacteriosis and olive spotting|
|Concord||Tall and long-graded variety||Cylindrical, coarse-humped, black-spiked, without bitterness, up to 12 cm long||Bee pollinated||More than 370 kg / ha||Resistant to cladosporiosis, mosaic tolerant|
|"Parade"||Medium-sized, medium-braided with single ovaries||Cylindrical, tuberous, crunchy, fragrant, without bitterness, up to 10 cm long||Bee pollinated||Up to 10 kg with m²||Powdery Mildew Resistant|
|"Amber"||Medium-height, medium-braided, with bundle ovaries||Cylindrical, tuberous, crunchy, fragrant, without bitterness, up to 12 cm long||Parthenocarpic||More than 10 kg with m²||Resistant to olive spotting, LMR and mosaic viruses|
Super early varieties of cucumbers
Ultra-early and super-early varieties and hybrid forms of cucumbers are good because they are able to form ovaries in a short time, and also give fruits without bitterness, which can be used both fresh and for salting in the winter.
|Title||Plant||Fetus||Type of pollination||Productivity||Sustainability|
|"Kid"||Srednerosly, medium-braided, ultra-ripe variety with 2-3 ovaries in a knot||Cylindrical, with large, sparse tubercles, no more than 10 cm long||Bee pollinated||3.5 kg per plant||Disease resistant|
|Ajax F1||Ultra-mature, powerful, mid-hybrid||Cylindrical, tuberous, without bitterness, up to 12 cm long||Bee pollinated||Up to 10 kg with m²||Resistant to tobacco mosaic and powdery mildew|
|"Buran F1"||Mid-sized, medium-braided, ultra-early hybrid||Cylindrical, often coarse and coarse, up to 11 cm long||Parthenocarpic||More than 20 kg with m²||Disease resistant and cold resistant|
|"Hector F1"||Compact, medium braid, ultra-early hybrid with bundle ovaries||Cylindrical, coarse, tuberous, up to 12 cm long||Parthenocarpic||Up to 6 kg with m²||Disease resistant and cold resistant|
|"German F1"||Powerful high-yielding hybrid with bundle ovaries||Cylindrical, coarse, up to 12 cm long||Parthenocarpic||About 20 kg and more with m²||Resistant to cladosporiosis, powdery mildew and cucumber mosaic|
|"Levine F1"||Medium-sized, medium-braided, ultra-early hybrid with a female type of flowering||Oval-cylindrical, coarse, up to 12 cm long||Bee pollinated||Up to 6 kg with m²||Disease resistant|
|"Masha F1"||Medium-height, medium-braided, with bundle ovaries||Cylindrical, spike-shaped, without bitterness, up to 11 cm long||Self-pollinating||More than 10 kg with m²||Resistant to powdery mildew and cucumber mosaic virus|
|"Orpheus F1"||Medium-braided, ultra-precocious hybrid with single ovaries||Cylindrical, tuberous, without bitterness, up to 12 cm long||Parthenocarpic||Up to 8 kg with m²||Disease resistant|
|"Son"||Determinant, mid-braid, ultra-early hybrid with bundle ovary||Cylindrical, small tuberous, without bitterness, up to 9.5 cm long||Parthenocarpic||Up to 7 kg with m²||Cucumber Mosaic Virus Resistant|
|Khutorok F||Medium-brained, ultra-early hybrid with 1-2 ovaries in a knot||Oval-cylindrical, finely spotted, up to 12 cm long||Bee pollinated||More than 10 kg with m²||Resistant to root rot, true and downy mildew|
Dates and features of landing
Ridges for growing early and super-early cucumbers should be prepared in the fall. In the autumn period, the soil needs to be dug deep and fertilized with manure or complex fertilizers with a large amount of phosphorus and potassium, but without chlorine.
The best predecessors for cucumbers are such vegetable and green crops as onions, garlic, peas, soybeans, beans and carrots, as well as siderata plants. The sowing time for film is earlier and in the conditions of central Russia falls on May 10-15.
Sowing seeds for seedlings should be done about a month before planting plants on ridges. Since the second decade of April, weather has been established that favors the sowing of seeds of early cucumbers. With too early sowing of cucumbers for seedlings in the greenhouse, there is still a high probability of spring return frosts, therefore, crops should be protected as much as possible from lower temperatures. With early direct sowing of cucumbers in open ground, it is imperative to provide a temporary shelter for planting.
The temperature for the germination of cucumber seeds should not be lower than + 23-25 C. After the mass germination of seeds, you should monitor the soil moisture and conduct additional seedlings. A transplant to a permanent place is carried out at the phase of the appearance of four or five well-developed leaflets in plants. As a rule, such a development is characteristic of seedlings aged 25-30 days. If cultivation occurs with a lack of heat and lighting, then the seedlings will be ready for planting in a month and a half.
The main measures for the care of cucumbers are in loosening the soil, weeding weeds, pinching shoots, regular watering and top dressing. For mulching, it is allowed to use fresh straw manure, a straw chop or regular sawdust. Such mulch is very effective and reduces the need for systematic weeding. In addition, under the mulch, the soil moisture necessary for plants is preserved for a very long time, and organics become additional nutrition for early ripe cucumbers.
For the entire growing season, two or three top dressings of cucumbers should be carried out with a solution with the following content of useful substances:
- ammonium nitrate - 60 g;
- superphosphate - 80 g;
- potassium chloride - 30 g.
This amount of nutrients is calculated to fertilize ten square meters of planted area. A good result is given by fertilizing plants with slurry, which should be diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 10. It is very important to remember that watering is carried out with warm water in the evening.
We also offer you to read an article that tells about the rules of choice and technology for growing parthenocarpic cucumbers.
Harvesting, dates and storage rules
The first harvest of green and early early varieties is made approximately one and a half months after sowing seeds. During the harvesting process, do not injure or turn over the cucumber lashes. It is most effective to harvest early in the morning. Productivity will be higher if you collect greenery cucumber daily.
Early Cucumber Varieties: Growing
Simultaneously with the harvest, it is recommended to remove all non-standard or diseased greens that are capable of delaying the formation of healthy cucumbers. Overgrowing of cucumber greens should not be allowed, and therefore the harvest should be done as carefully and regularly as possible.