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Among gardeners, such a culture as cherry is very popular. In almost every garden plot there is a bush or tree, and sometimes not in one copy. There are slightly less than 2 hundred varieties and among them very often summer residents prefer Shubinka cherry. These fruit trees live a long time, give a bountiful harvest and, in addition, have a lot of positive qualities. But there is a fly in the ointment in the ointment - the cherry variety has some drawbacks that you should be aware of.
Breeding history, breeding region
Shubinskaya cherry, short variety Shubinka, was bred by an unknown breeder on the territory of the Moscow region in the first half of the last century, and already in 1959 it was included in the State Register.
Since the author of the culture did not appear, it is believed that it appeared thanks to the efforts of nature itself and is attributed to folk varieties.
Cherry has successfully adapted to the climatic conditions of the Volga-Vyatka, Central and North-West regions.
Despite the fact that today breeders have managed to breed hybrid crops with high yields and fruits superior in characteristics to the Shubinka cherry, it is still often found in the plots of Russian, Belarusian, Ukrainian gardeners, as well as in the Baltic countries.
Looking at the description of the variety, you can immediately find all the pros and cons of the Shubinskaya cherry.
Shubinka belongs to late ripening varieties. The first harvest of cherries can be taken at the end of July, and the ripening of fruits will last until mid-September. An important feature of this cherry variety is that the longer the ripe berry remains on the tree, the better its taste is.
The fur coat grows in the form of a tree, the height of which can exceed 4 meters:
- spreading crown, medium density;
- shoots are not thick, light brown in color with a green tint, there is a slight grayish bloom;
- main branches are thick, dark brown;
- the foliage is dark green, medium in size, oval in shape and with pointed tips and base, the edges have small teeth.
Cherry blossoms with white small flowers, connected in inflorescences.
Description of the fetus
Cherry Shubinka red or burgundy, small, its weight is only 2-2.5 g. The berries have a loose and sour pulp, juicy, but with low taste.
They are not eaten raw, they are used for processing into various sweet preparations.
Features of planting and care
This culture is unpretentious, however, it also needs certain conditions:
- for planting, it is better to choose a dry sunny area; in a cold, damp lowland, the plant will not fully develop;
- the soil should be prepared in the fall - it is dug up, weeds are removed and fertilizers are applied from the mullein with various additives;
- the seedling should be placed in the ground in spring, when the ground is warm enough, the distance between the trees should be at least 5-6 m;
- it is recommended to plant 3-4 pollinating trees near Shubinka.
- pegs 1.5 m high are placed in a hole 50-60 cm deep;
- the bottom is covered with drainage - a layer of bark;
- the pit is filled with soil from 4 mullein buckets, 0.5 horse manure buckets and 1 sod bucket;
- the seedling should be well buried and tied up;
- a hole breaks out around the tree, into which 3-4 buckets of warm water are poured;
- the last stage is mulching with dry humus.
In the first year, planting does not need additional feeding. It should be weeded regularly and watered as needed.
A year later, the plant can be fed with carbonic acid diamide, nitrogen-potassium fertilizer. In the fall, before the cold weather, potash-phosphorus fertilizer can be applied to the soil.
The first time the seedling is cut before planting in the ground, it is enough to leave 5-7 strong branches, the rest can be cut, like part of the trunk.
Diseases and pests
The main enemies of Shubinka are coccomycosis and shoot moth:
- Coccomycosis is a fungal disease that affects the leaves, and in advanced cases, the fruits. You can learn about the disease of a plant by small reddish dots, while the lower part of the leaf is covered with a pink bloom.
To protect the tree from fungus, every year you should cleanse the fallen leaves and loosen the area around the trunk. In the spring, the tree can be treated with a solution of Bordeaux liquid or urea.
- Shoot moth - eats buds, buds, ovary and young cherry leaves. The development of the caterpillar and pupa occurs in the ground under the tree, so you can get rid of the pest with the help of regular digging and loosening of the soil; it is also recommended to use insecticides.
The Shubinsky cherry variety cannot boast of high-quality fruits, but the culture is undemanding, in a fruitful year it gives a lot of berries and is unpretentious. But, as always, the choice is up to the gardener.