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The phoenix quail species is considered the subject of serious controversy among poultry farmers. In appearance, these birds are similar to the birds of the Manchu breed. Therefore, many people are sure that there is no independent phoenix breed. However, this is not true. It's just that the representatives of the two breeds have a similar appearance. At the same time, the phoenix breed is characterized by some features of behavior and productivity.
Description and characteristics of the bird
Quails of this breed have a number of features. This helps distinguish them from other bird species.
The birds of the Golden Phoenix breed are characterized by beautiful feathers of a light yellow hue. When exposed to light, they appear golden. This is the main similarity with the Manchu breed.
In this case, the main difference between the phoenix is considered to be body weight. It is 400 grams. These birds are considered broilers. Therefore, they are characterized by a fleshy chest and strong legs. Females weigh 50-150 grams more than males. The quail grows to its final size 2 months after birth. In this case, the females begin to lay eggs after 1.5 months. On average, the mass of an ordinary egg in birds of this breed is 15 grams. If you feed the birds with high-quality food, this parameter can be increased to 20 grams.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
It should be borne in mind that too large eggs negatively affect the health of the quail and the breeding of young animals. However, it all depends on the purpose of growing. Quails can be kept for selling eggs or breeding.
Quail females of this broiler breed eat about 40 grams of food per day and produce up to 300 eggs per year. The final performance parameters depend on the health status of the birds and the characteristics of their keeping. In general, quails are undemanding to care for. However, when growing them, it is important to control temperature, light and humidity.
Quails are characterized by a calm disposition. Birds have a calm demeanor and do not fight. At the same time, sometimes males nevertheless enter into conflicts. Therefore, it is important to control their behavior. If necessary, the birds should be removed.
Pros and cons of golden phoenix quail
There are many benefits to golden quail.
High parameters of egg fertilization. Under optimal incubation conditions, hatchability parameters are 85%. Farmers note that in order to obtain the desired effect, it is necessary to use eggs no more than 8 days old.
High productivity parameters - meat and egg.
Undemanding care and ease of growing birds. When breeding such quails, it is worth monitoring the cleanliness in the poultry house and paying attention to the state of health.
Attractive carcass appearance after processing. After removing feathers, the skin does not become covered with dark spots.
Lack of maternal instinct in females. This means that it will be possible to remove young animals only with the help of an incubator.
The need to use large cages and pens. This is due to the large size of the birds.
How to maintain and care for quails?
Breeding quails is not difficult. These birds are considered undemanding and do not need special nutrition. But when growing them, you still need to follow some rules. This will help increase productivity and minimize the risk of health problems. The main recommendations include the following:
- It is important to maintain optimal moisture parameters. Normally, they should be 55-70%. High humidity provokes a decrease in quail egg production. In addition, young birds may begin to lag behind in development and not gain weight too quickly. Often, birds develop skin pathologies. To regulate the level of humidity, air ionizers are used.
- It is imperative to control the temperature parameters. Chicks should be warm after birth. Therefore, they are usually put in a brooder. For quails up to 1 month, the temperature should be + 30-35 degrees. For older quails, + 22-26 degrees is enough. The temperature should be lowered smoothly, avoiding strong fluctuations.
- It is important to keep the brooder lit at all times for 3 weeks after birth. Adult birds have enough daylight hours at the level of 16-17 hours. It is important to avoid direct sunlight entering the house. Too bright light can irritate the quail. Therefore, they put 40-60 watt bulbs in the poultry house. For broilers, 70-90 square centimeters will be enough for 1 bird. Layers need more space. 1 female needs 100-120 square centimeters.
The main difficulty in growing phoenixes is considered to be getting young, so chicks should be hatched in an incubator or bought from special farmers.
How to feed the breed?
Quails of this breed are considered very unpretentious in nutrition. The birds do not require specific food. Broiler feed is recommended for individuals raised for meat production. The remaining quail diet can be easily varied with simple food.
If there is no opportunity to feed the birds with compound feed, they should be given crushed cereals and legumes. It is also acceptable to use moderate amounts of greens and vegetables. The birds are allowed to give potatoes, carrots, beets.
To normalize the growth and development of quails, it is worth including vitamins and minerals in their diet. It is recommended to use feed chalk, crushed shells, sand as useful additives.
To improve digestive function, birds should definitely be given fine gravel. Since phoenixes are mainly bred for meat, it is recommended that they be given dairy products and animal feed. These include cottage cheese, whey. It is also permissible to use fish and meat and bone meal.
Quails of this breed do not have a pronounced maternal instinct. Therefore, an incubator can be used to obtain offspring. There are 2 main types of incubators:
- Manual. In such models, the survival parameters do not exceed 50%.
- Automatic. In this case, hatchability parameters reach 80%.
Experienced farmers use the material for incubation for a maximum of 7 days. In this case, the chicks are born 17-18 days after laying. Immediately after the birth of chicks, it is recommended to settle in a brooder and maintain a temperature of + 30-35 degrees in it. After 2 weeks, the parameters can be gradually reduced to + 23-25 degrees.
Immediately after birth, it is recommended to give the chicks boiled eggs, mixing them with herbs and cottage cheese. After a week, you can use chopped millet and wheat groats. After the birds reach 1 month, they can be transferred to adult food.
As a rule, females are bred by farmers. They manage to get eggs. In addition, quails provide more meat. To control the composition of the livestock and the number of males and females, it is recommended to determine the sex of the birds. This can be done already 1 month after birth.
Males have a dark mask on their heads. They sometimes have white eyebrows. At the same time, there are no blotches on the quail's chest. Feathers in this area are uniform in color. Quails are characterized by the absence of a mask. Moreover, they have specks all over the body.
Diseases and prevention
The main reasons for the appearance of pathologies include the following:
- eating disorder;
- incorrect vaccination schedule;
- violation of sanitary and hygienic standards.
Most pathologies have a latent course. They can be detected only when the main part of the livestock is affected. In such a situation, it makes no sense to treat diseases. Therefore, it is recommended to pay the main attention to the rules of prevention. Infected birds should be isolated from healthy birds in time.
When keeping quails in cramped cages, the likelihood of traumatic eye injuries is high. Also birds suffer from malofagosis, pseudo-plague, ornithosis. They are susceptible to aspergillosis and quail pox. Viral infections are spread from sick birds. Contamination through feed or water is also possible. Phoenix quail are distinguished by high productivity parameters. They are a source of quality meat and produce a lot of eggs. To do this, the birds need to be well looked after.