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Tomatoes on the windowsill in the winter have recently been grown more and more often. This method of obtaining vitamin vegetable products is characterized by a high level of efficiency and low costs of both funds and time.
Benefits of Home Tomato Growing
The method of growing tomatoes at home is not difficult, but has certain advantages:
- there is no need for strict observance of the timing of sowing seeds, as in other tomatoes, especially tall hybrids and varieties;
- there is the opportunity to get a decent harvest of ripe fruits, regardless of the time of year or weather conditions;
- in a limited space there is an opportunity to grow environmentally friendly vegetable products with excellent taste.
In addition, the high level of decorativeness of mini-bushes with ripe fruits allows you to perfectly decorate the room. Of course, to obtain high-quality ripe fruits, it is necessary to take into account some features of home cultivation, which are not limited to the right choice of variety.
For growing tomatoes at home, it is advisable to choose exclusively undersized hybrids and varieties. In such plants, the root system is as powerful as in tall bushes, and for full development does not require deep nutrient soil.
Recently, hybrids and tomato varieties have appeared that are neutral to daylight hours and are optimally adapted for growing at home. Almost 90% of potted crops are hybrid. The standard varieties are especially popular, which have one strong and thick trunk with a dense crown. Such tomatoes do not require garter and support.
|Grade name||Main characteristics||Color and weight of fruits||Ripening period||Grade Features|
|Micron NK||The lowest tomato in the world. The fruits have a sweet taste. The application is universal.||The fruits are small, the size of a small cherry, yellow.||The mid-early ripening period is 101-110 days.||Doesn’t need to be a stepchild.|
|Bonsai||Short, 20-30 cm high, standard with small dark green leaves and a very short internode. Three or four brushes form on the main stem.||The fruits are small, weighing 30 g, are dense and very sweet.||Mid-season, 105-115 days from germination to fruiting.||The variety is medium resistant to the main diseases of tomatoes.|
|"F1 Balcony Red"||The bush is compact, about 30 cm high.||Small, 15-20 g, bright red tomatoes, sweet and fragrant.||Very early tomato, ripening takes 85 days from the appearance of seedlings.||The variety does not need pinching.|
|Pinocchio||The bush is compact, about 30 cm high.||The taste is pleasant, sweetish, a bit like cherry. Red fruits weighing up to 20 g.||Mid-season, 105-115 days from germination to fruiting.||The variety is resistant to the main diseases of tomatoes.|
|"Filippok"||The bush is compact, 38-40 cm high.||The taste is sweet and sour. Red-colored fruits weighing up to 45 g.||A great new early ripening variety, ripening in 85-100 days.||It does not require pinching and garter.|
No less interesting for home growing tomato varieties and hybrids such as “Balcony Yellow”, “Balcony solo red”, “Balcony miracle”, “Micro Bonsai”, “Yellow pearl”, “Red pearl”, “Minigold”, “Pygmy” and "Garden Pearl".
Planting indoor tomatoes is carried out similarly to sowing seeds of varieties and hybrids for growing in open ground or on ridges in greenhouses and greenhouses. The following recommendations should be followed, which take into account the features of such cultivation:
- the composition of the soil for sowing and growing should include humus - 50%, chernozem - 45% and sand - 5%;
- the soil mixture should be enriched with a small amount of wood ash, and also add 8-10 g of urea, 40 g of superphosphate and 40 g of potassium in a bucket of soil;
- before sowing, seeds should be soaked for 15 minutes in a warm, slightly pink solution of pharmacy potassium permanganate;
- when growing seedlings before the appearance of mass seedlings, the temperature should be at the level of 22-25 C;
- to protect the plants from stretching, slightly lower the temperature after emergence and before diving.
After diving seedlings in separate containers for growing should maintain a standard room temperature and pay attention to lighting. Watering is carried out as the soil dries.
How to grow tomatoes in the winter on the windowsill
Caring for indoor tomatoes is quite simple, but it is recommended to adhere to the rules of agricultural technology, which are prescribed by the features of this type of cultivation of vegetable culture.
Watering and feeding
Indoor tomatoes are very responsive to watering, which has a positive effect on the formation of ovaries, as well as pouring and ripening of fruits. The soil should be constantly moist, without deep drying, which often provokes the dropping of fruits. but Excessive waterlogging can cause many tomato diseases.
To increase the immunity of a houseplant, as well as provide it with the necessary amount of nutrients for growth and development, fertilizer should be applied twice a month. Dressing room tomato is carried out using special fertilizers for vegetable crops. The use of nitroammophos and superphosphates or the use of complex fertilizer "Sudarushka-tomato".
Despite the fact that many new varieties intended for indoor cultivation have increased resistance to insufficient lighting and are able to form a crop even with a small amount, additional illumination with special lamps can not only increase yield, but also extend the fruiting period.
Without artificial illumination, tomatoes on the windowsill can be grown from mid-February.
Tying and stepsoning
A limited number of varieties suitable for cultivation in indoor conditions need to be planted, bush and tied. Most often, these shade-tolerant plants are short, single-stemmed and grow well without garter and support. Wherein low varieties of tomatoes are able to produce about 1.5-2 kg of ripe fruit from each bush.
How to collect tomato seeds at home
Self-collected tomato seeds favorably differ in friendly germination, allow you to get a very strong and resistant to various diseases seedlings. In addition, tomatoes grown from their own seeds have high productivity and high productivity.
Only fully ripened fruits are subject to use for harvesting seeds. From the cut tomato, use a spoon to remove all the pulp and seeds, after which the pulp and seeds are soaked in a small amount of water. After two days, you can begin to separate the seeds from the pulp.
The resulting seed should be washed several times with clean, warm water, and then dried on gauze or on tissues that absorb water well. After complete drying, the seeds are packed in envelopes, which should be signed and stored under room conditions, but not more than five years. It should be remembered that hybrid tomatoes are unsuitable for harvesting seeds.
To protect indoor tomato bushes from being affected by the most common diseases and pests, preventive spraying should be carried out with the following drugs:
- against phytophthora, spraying with “Quadris”, “Ridomil-Gold” and “Bravo” are used;
- for protection against anthracnose should use "Quadris" or "Tiovit-jet";
- from spotting, Strobi and Fitolavin-300 show high efficiency.
A good result can be obtained by spraying tomato bushes with infusion of onions and garlic, with the addition of chopped laundry soap.
Other methods of growing tomatoes at home
Currently, other methods of obtaining a crop of ripe tomatoes at home are actively practiced.
On the balcony
For balcony tomato growing, you can use both undersized or dwarf varieties and hybrids, and plants that form medium-sized bushes. The best option is to plant the plants in the landing boxes and place them on a well-lit glassed balcony. When cultivated in the winter, you should take care of heating the balcony space, and, if necessary, carry out additional illumination of plants.
The technology of planting tomatoes "upside down" appeared relatively recently. This method is in demand for obtaining a tomato crop not only at home, but also in greenhouse designs. Most often, growing tomatoes "upside down" brings more yield than the traditional way of growing.
The technology is quite simple:
- a hole should be made in the bottom of the container, with a diameter of 5 to 10 cm;
- place the tomato seedlings "upside down" in the container and fix it, sprinkle with soil;
- about 5 cm of the stem of a tomato seedling or bush should go out through the hole;
- seal the hole around the stem with paper or cloth;
- after watering, the soil can be compacted, so its amount should be replenished.
Caring for such plantings is no different from taking care of any other tomatoes.
We also offer you to find out why leaves are dried on tomato seedlings.
In a home greenhouse
In indoor mini-greenhouses, you can grow not only seedlings for planting in open ground. Such a miniature design is quite suitable for the cultivation of dwarf tomato bushes and allows you to get a good harvest of small aromatic fruits all year round.
Factory greenhouses are made of stainless steel, and also have a coating of their organic glass and the base in the form of a tray. Indoor indoor mini-greenhouses equipped with automatically adjustable lighting, temperature and humidity are called growboxes. In such "mini-greenhouses" tomatoes develop very well, and they have enough light, heat and moisture in full.
How to sow tomato seeds
Growing tomatoes and caring for them in an ordinary city apartment is not much different from cultivating them in open ground and caring for indoor plants. However, this method provides an excellent opportunity to replace low-useful store vegetables with environmentally friendly and very tasty products grown by yourself and with minimal cost and time.