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Gardeners in Russia, especially in its northern regions, are faced with the problem of finding a frost-resistant variety that can give a stable harvest. This problem is relevant not only for the north of the country, but also for most of the central regions, where the weather does not indulge in warm winters. Breeders engaged in the development of new varieties presented cherry lovers with a gift called the Standard of the Urals. What are the advantages of the Standard Ural cherry variety, and how to grow it, we will find out below.
The "parents" of the Ural Standard are the seedlings of steppe and shrub cherries. They served as the basis for a new, frost-resistant variety, which appeared thanks to the efforts of breeders N.I. Gvozdyukova. and Zhukova S.V., who worked at that time at the Ural Scientific Research Institute of Agriculture and the TsGL. Their brainchild turned out to be frost-resistant, with good immunity from diseases and pests, and also pleasant to the taste.
Description of the variety
Cherry Standard of the Urals turned out to be a successful experiment, which was loved not only by local gardeners, but also received recognition in other regions of the country. Possesses the following characteristics:
- The average height of the bush is 1.7 meters.
- The branches are strong, intertwining into a wide, sparse crown.
- Cherries are large, fleshy. The mass of one cherry is 5 grams.
- It cannot pollinate itself on its own, which is why it needs to be planted on the site of other cherry varieties. Suitable for this: Volzhanka, Polevka Michurina, Mayak.
- From one bush, an average of 6 to 15 kilograms of harvest is harvested. It all depends on the care and weather conditions.
- The bush practically does not need pruning. All work comes down to the removal of dead branches and rare correction of neglected areas.
- Weakly susceptible to fungal diseases and attacks of insect pests.
- The berries tolerate transportation well without losing their attractive appearance.
Agree that such a description of the variety inspires confidence and awakens the desire to grow a couple of bushes on the site.
Note! The culture, due to the use of steppe varieties as a basis for breeding, grows in bushes, not trees.
Planting and leaving
Landing is done as follows:
- Pits are dug, the width and depth of which is 70 centimeters.
- The distance between the holes is at least two meters.
- The bottom of each hole is covered with a layer of fine gravel.
- Further, the pit is filled up to half of its volume with earth mixed with fertilizers.
- A wooden peg is driven into the ground.
- A cherry seedling is carefully placed in the prepared hole.
- We fill the hole with the remaining mixture of soil and fertilizers, after which we tie the cherry to a peg.
Cherry care is as follows:
- Watering - medium intensity. Do not flood the plant or dry out the soil. A few days before harvesting, the bushes are not watered.
- It is desirable to fertilize the soil with dung or mineral fertilizers.
- Pruning is done in the first month of spring, as needed.
- In late autumn and early summer, cover the main branches of the bush with whitewash, and in the winter, shovel more snow around the bushes. Such actions will help the culture to survive the winter in a comfortable environment.
Advantages and disadvantages
Has both positive and negative sides. The pluses include:
- frost resistance;
- pleasant taste with a slight sourness;
- disease resistance.
- it is used as a basis for compotes, preparations and various kinds of tinctures. It is consumed less often in its raw form;
- other varieties are needed for pollination;
- begins to bear fruit no earlier than 3 years after planting.
Diseases and pests
It does not have a predisposition to any diseases and pests, as a result of which, in order to maintain a healthy state, there are enough rare preventive examinations. Occasionally, you can treat the bushes with special preparations, which will further increase the immune defense of the plant.