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If a ferret is kept as a pet, it, like all animals, must be vaccinated against common and dangerous infectious diseases. Some of the diseases are dangerous not only for ferrets, but also for humans. Consider when and how to vaccinate a ferret, at what age, how to prepare the animal. What vaccines you can choose, what side effects and contraindications they have.
Preparing the animal
All ferrets kept at home are vaccinated, even if they do not go out for a walk. The animal can still become infected, the infection enters the room through the clothes, shoes and belongings of the owner.
Ferrets are vaccinated when they are 3-4 months old. Before this age, vaccinations are not recommended, since the body of a young animal is not yet able to respond correctly to the drug. It is possible to vaccinate after 4 months, but in this case, the ferret, remaining unvaccinated, will be at risk of infection. Only healthy pets are vaccinated.
Before being vaccinated, you need to examine the animal, check for temperature, inflammation, damage. 2 weeks before the scheduled vaccination, deworming should be done, even if this is not necessary. Also treat the coat against fleas and ticks. The destruction of parasites is imperative, otherwise the effect of vaccination will be reduced. Internal and external parasites significantly affect the functioning of the immune system, reduce overall resistance, the development of an immune response is slower than necessary.
Before vaccination and for some time after, the ferret should not be allowed to come into contact with other animals. This will reduce the risk of complications. It is recommended to take a course of immunomodulatory agents before vaccination in order to prepare the ferret's body for stress. Although this stage is not required.
Vaccination schedule and precautions
There are differences in vaccination by age. At the first stage of vaccination, ferrets under 8 months old are vaccinated against plague of carnivores, parvovirus enteritis, leptospirosis, parainfluenza, infectious hepatitis.
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A month after that, the rabies vaccination is carried out. Then the animals are revaccinated once a year. For adult ferrets, all vaccinations are given at once, at a time.
Contraindications and side effects
Do not vaccinate sick ferrets, pregnant and lactating females, as well as those animals who are hypersensitive to the components of the drug. After vaccination, the animal's body can react to the drug with a decrease in activity, slight soreness at the injection site. After 1-2 days, everything should be back to normal. If lethargy, drowsiness, indigestion are noted, reactions such as itching and redness of the skin are possible - a typical manifestation of an allergic reaction. In this case, the ferret should be taken to the veterinarian for examination, as complications are possible.
For 1.5 weeks, you need to keep the ferret at a constant temperature and humidity, avoid stress, and do not allow him to come into contact with animals. You can not bathe and overwork, so as not to overload the body. This is necessary for the development of immunity. If the animal is successfully vaccinated, after the post-vaccination period, you can return to the usual regimen and allow the ferret to be more active.
Price and types of vaccines
Specialized vaccines for ferrets are not used in Russia. In veterinary practice, Nobivac and Eurican multicomponent vaccines are used. At the first stage, when the ferret is 2.5-3 months old, Nobivac DHPP + L is used. 3-4 weeks after the vaccine is applied NobivacDHPP + RL. The same principle is used to vaccinate with Eurican. The injection is done in the cervical region or between the shoulder blades.
If the risk of infection is high, then NobivacPuppyc vaccine can be used on 1.5-2 month old ferrets. Adults are vaccinated once a year with Nobivac DHPP + RL, that is, a full complex. If the history of vaccination is unknown, the animal is vaccinated 2 times, repeated every year.
The approximate cost of vaccines: Nobivac - 300 rubles. and Eurican - 500 rubles. Immunity is formed 1.5 weeks after repeated administration of the drug when using Nobivac and 2-3 weeks after using Eurican. Valid for 1 year from the date of introduction.
Sterile syringes are used for injection, the vaccine collected in the syringe is injected into the animal immediately. The vaccine is applied in a volume of 1 ml (1 dose) subcutaneously in the area of the scapula or in the thigh into the muscle.
Preparations are transported and stored in a dark, dry and cool place at a temperature of 2-8 С. Do not allow the drug to freeze. The shelf life of Eurican is 1 year, Nobivac is 2 years. After the expiration date has expired, in no case should the drugs be used, there will be no effect from them.
The drugs used to vaccinate ferrets are highly effective (about 95%), high quality, safe when used correctly. Rarely does their use cause side effects or complications. Immunity is developed quickly, the entire period specified by the manufacturer continues.
Vaccination of ferrets against dangerous infections is mandatory, as is the vaccination of all carnivores. Without immunity, which is developed after vaccination, animals, in most cases, become very sick and die. This applies to both adult ferrets and young animals. Therefore, you cannot skip the stages of vaccination, and even more so completely ignore it. Animals can get sick at any time, even without communicating with their own kind or other living creatures. They would be safe with immunity.