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Today, bunch tomatoes can often be seen on supermarket shelves. Attracts the beautiful appearance of the fruit - bright and flawless. These special hybrids, bred by breeders, can be grown independently in a home greenhouse. This information is important for those who are going to grow tomatoes for sale. The demand for this type of vegetables is quite high.
Previously, gardeners also cultivated the so-called cluster tomatoes. But the fruits ripened on them not at the same time, and also, their size was not the same. After breeders started transforming such varieties, it became possible to pick ripe juicy fruits at the same time, along with a dense brush that reliably holds the tomatoes even during transport.
The varieties of bristle tomatoes cultivated today can be represented by the following description:
- Tomatoes on the brush ripen almost simultaneously. After the lowest fruits ripen, the top ones still retain their presentation and do not lose their taste. A ripe brush can stay on the bush for about a month without reaching the overripe stage.
- Tomatoes are tightly attached to the branch. They can be collected together with a brush, while even light shaking and transportation over fairly long distances does not damage the stalk. You can be sure that all the tomatoes will stay on the bunch.
- Same size for tomatoes on one brush. If their sizes were different, then the overall appearance would suffer, which is reflected in their cost.
- Resistance to creases, allows you to be sure that the brushes will be intact, and the fruits will ripen successfully in the garden while pouring the fruits.
- Truss varieties of tomatoes are distinguished by their ability to reliably resist cracking of the fruit, regardless of unsuitable weather conditions or insufficient care for them.
In addition, hybrids created by breeders are distinguished by increased productivity, resistance to many types of diseases and pests of tomatoes, as well as early ripening. Another positive feature of such vegetables is that they do not require frequent harvesting of fruits.
The advantage of carp tomatoes
As a rule, cluster tomatoes for greenhouses can also be grown in open areas in the southern regions without compromising their quality. Of course, the greenhouse growing method also has some disadvantages, but at the same time, there are still many advantages:
- indoors, it is easier to deal with pests and plant diseases, and the effect of drugs is more intense;
- you don't have to worry about the vagaries of nature,
- it is easier to control the growing conditions in the greenhouse;
- this method of growing will allow you to collect up to two crops per year;
- since hybrids are characterized by tall bushes, it is easier to care for them in greenhouse conditions, and to protect fragile stems from gusts of wind or animals.
Growing in a greenhouse is quite favorable for server districts, where even early varieties with undersized bushes do not have time to mature in open areas.
Feature of tomato hybrids
Although in the southern regions tomatoes grow well in open areas, planted hybrid varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses can provide a fairly early or, on the contrary, a very late harvest. In the northern regions, the situation is somewhat different. If the weather conditions fluctuate, are characterized by a sharp drop in temperature, cloudiness, this will also adversely affect the growth of greenhouse plants.
Such vagaries of nature will not bother gardeners if the tomato growing facility is equipped with heating and reliable electric lighting. But such costs when growing can significantly increase their cost. Therefore, the best varieties are those that could bear fruit even with insufficient illumination or with significant fluctuations in temperature.
As a rule, tomato varieties bred for southern latitudes are not suitable for northern climates. But one should not assume that, under no circumstances, tomatoes of this series will not be able to grow there. But northern tomatoes in southern latitudes will not be able to give a miracle harvest. Most likely, the harvest will not be obtained at all. Plants grown in cool climates simply cannot survive hot days.
Remember! When choosing tomato hybrids for growing, carefully read the label on the package. They can be written: "heat-resistant", "resistant to low temperatures," and also "resistant to insufficient lighting."
Of the main varieties of cluster tomatoes, zoned mainly in cold climates, the best varieties of these vegetables described below can be distinguished.
True friends f1
The bristle variety of Siberian tomatoes has a rather early ripening period. Bushes can reach two meters in height. Tomatoes are round in shape, scarlet in color, have a strong consistency. Fruit weight usually reaches 100 g.
As a rule, up to 12 fruits of equal size are poured onto such a brush, ripening at the same time. High-yielding species. It is possible to collect 9 kg of tomatoes from each plant. Used for conservation. Temperature changes do not have a negative impact. Has a positive characteristic of tomatoes for open ground when planted in cool climatic zones.
This is an excellent carp variety with good yields, early ripening - after pecking the seedlings before harvesting ripe fruits, the interval is about 110 days. Spherical tomatoes, with an average weight of up to 100 g. Suitable for picking with a brush. It has excellent flavors similar to Dutch hybrid varieties. Can withstand transportation, do not crack when ripe. Used for growing in the regions of the North. Has resistance to changes in climatic conditions and diseases of the nightshade.
Indeterminate variety. The ripening period is medium-long. It is characterized by increased keeping quality. The weight of each vegetable is about 110 g. Even with insufficient lighting in greenhouses, it can bear fruit well.
Differs in over-yielding and fast ripening. The ovaries are formed on long tassels. During maturity, the fruit turns red. They are of the correct rounded shape. Quite dense. Keeps perfectly when trimmed with brushes. Its fruit can weigh up to 110 g. Ideal for canning.
The ovary is formed even with insufficient luminous flux. It tolerates low temperatures well. Suitable for areas of the North.
Differs in large-fruited, fruit weight can be about 180 g. Bred in Holland. Belongs to the carpal hybrid variety. The bushes are medium-sized. Tomatoes are red in color, have a round shape. It does not require special care. A procedure for pinching the stems is required. On the bush, it is recommended to leave 5 brushes per stem.
Red star f1
Early ripe carpal tomatoes. This hybrid species has an increased yield. He has very large fruits for the carpal variety. Everyone can reach 110 g. The inside is dense, has an increased taste, sugar content is noticeable. Can be canned, processed and eaten raw.
Resistant to top rot infestation. Shows a decent yield even with little maintenance. It grows and bears fruit in many climatic zones, including the northern regions of Siberia.
Red red f1
A hybrid variety of early fruit ripening. Bushes should be formed with one main stem. Quite tall. One brush has 5 - 7 fruits, each weighing 200 - 500 g. They have tasty pulp with pronounced graininess. Up to 8 kg of tomatoes can be harvested from a bush of this variety. It is resistant to typical diseases of this type of vegetables. Bears fruit even in adverse weather conditions.
Maryina Roshcha f1
A hybrid of Siberian selection with a stable yield and early ripening of fruits. He has increased fertility. The brushes can have up to 9 tomatoes. One tomato can weigh 170 g. A distinctive feature is the simultaneous ripening of fruits. Used for conservation. Retains presentation during transportation. During the season, you can collect up to 20 kg of tomatoes of this variety from 1 sq. M.
Resistant to some types of diseases. Such plantings perfectly adapt to weather conditions, even in northern climatic zones.
It is a hybrid variety with increased fertility, bred for cultivation in winter greenhouses, and also made of polycarbonate. It has 1 main stem, which grows up to 1.8 m. It often has 7 brushes. On each of them, 15 ovaries are formed. The fruits are capable of weighing 100 g each. They taste great. Canned well.
It has an average ripening period. The fruit has a good ability to transport, the weight of one is up to 110 g. Simultaneous ripening is characteristic. It has small clusters, each with 6 - 8 fruits. It is successfully cultivated in all climatic regions.
Spasskaya Tower f1
High yield hybrid. Practically does not react to unsuitable weather conditions for cultivation. Bushes of Siberian selection of medium height with strong stems, undemanding to care.
The variety has an early ripening period.
The equipment of supports is required, since the stems are strewn with dense fruit clusters. Each has 5 - 6 ovaries. The fruits can weigh up to 200 g each. Tomatoes with a pink tint, have a slight taper to the bottom, excellent taste. Under favorable conditions, it is possible to collect up to 30 kg of tomatoes from 1 sq. M. It is resistant to almost all diseases. It is successfully grown in all climatic regions of the country.