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For the processing of wheat, spring and winter, special preparations have been developed. One of them is the fungicide "Input", produced by the well-known company "Bayer". Consider the principle of action, purpose, composition, dosage and consumption rates of the drug. Compatibility with other pesticides, toxicity class and safety measures when working with it, analogues of the product.
Form, active ingredient of the fungicide "Input"
Input is a concentrated emulsion produced by Bayer, one of the leaders in the production of agrochemicals. The manufacturer gives a guarantee for product quality, product reliability and safety in relation to cultivated plants.
The active ingredients of the fungicide are prothioconazole in the amount of 160 g per 1 liter and spiroxamine in the amount of 300 g per 1 liter. The substances belong to different classes of chemicals, which increases the overall effectiveness of the drug. "Input" refers to systemic pesticides, by the nature of the action - to protective pesticides and immunizing fungicides. Produced by the manufacturer in cans of 5 liters, as it is intended for the treatment of large industrial areas.
Appointment, indications for use
It is intended for protective treatment of wheat in early spring and autumn against diseases of leaves and stems and cercosporellosis. Temperature conditions for the use of the drug are not higher than 15 ˚С.
Processing is carried out during the tillering period, the agent can be used as a therapeutic and prophylactic. The duration of the protective action of the drug is up to 1 month, the effectiveness reaches 90%.
How does it work?
Spiroxamine in the composition of the fungicide stops the formation of mycelium and blocks the synthesis of ergosterol, a substance that is an integral part of the cell membrane of fungi. Spiroxamine is highly active at a temperature of 12-15 ° C and is effective against fungi-causative agents of powdery mildew; the substance was created as an alternative to morpholines.
Another substance, prothioconazole, stops the process of sterol synthesis and disrupts the permeability of the cell membranes of pathogenic microorganisms, and stops the growth of the mycelium of harmful fungi.
The pesticide "Input" not only inhibits the growth of fungi, but also has a positive effect on germination, on the development of the root system, bushiness, and plant resistance to drought. And also on the quality of grain, improves its characteristics. An increase in bushiness by 1.5 times in the initial period of wheat growth increases drought resistance, improves the consumption of moisture and nutrients by the crop.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
After treatment with "Input", the stalks of cereals become 2 times thicker, so they become stronger, more resistant to penetration of microorganisms and damage by pests. The consumption rate is 300 liters per hectare.
Dosage and instructions for use of the drug
For the treatment of winter wheat from powdery mildew and rust and from septoria, cercosporellosis and pyrenophorosis, 0.6-0.8 liters of the drug are consumed per hectare. Sprayed during the growing season as a prophylaxis or treated when the first signs of disease appear. Number of sprays - 1 or 2. Waiting period - 21 days.
To treat winter wheat from spike fusarium, 1 liter of Input is consumed per hectare. Spraying is done in the phase of the end of tillering, the beginning of earing. Processed once, spending 300 liters per hectare. The waiting period is 21 days. After the end of the waiting period, you can start harvesting.
Safety when working with the tool
Fungicide "Input" by its toxic properties belongs to the drugs of the 2nd hazard class. This class includes toxic substances, contact with which can lead to poisoning.
It is forbidden to use it near water sources, no closer than 5 km from apiaries (hazard class for bees - 3). People can work with him only in protective tight clothing and shoes, be sure to wear a respirator or gas mask, plastic glasses, thick rubber gloves. Protective agents prevent contact with skin, eyes, respiratory tract and esophagus. During spraying, do not take off the respirator, glasses, drink, eat or smoke. There should be no bystanders near the treated area.
After work, you need to clean your clothes and other protective equipment, wash and dry them, wash your hands and face well with soap and water. Wash the inventory with a solution of soap and soda or water acidified with vinegar and dry. If signs of poisoning with "Input" are found, it is necessary to urgently rinse the stomach with water, and then consult a doctor. If the solution gets on the skin of the body or mucous membranes, rinse them with water.
Toxicity and compatibility
Means "Input" is compatible with many insecticides and fungicides. But, as the manufacturer points out, in each case, you must first check the compatibility of the drugs by diluting them in a small amount of water, and then, if everything is fine, dilute them in the working solution. If there are changes in color, consistency, a precipitate falls out, the preparations cannot be mixed. Find other fungicides that are compatible.
Terms and conditions of storage
It is forbidden to store and transport the Input fungicide together with food, medicine, hygiene products, animal feed. Storage is allowed only in a separate, little-visited room, with a large amount of the drug - on racks, stacked in tiers of no more than 3 layers.
The fungicide "Input" is stored in a sealed original packaging in a dry, dark, cool place for no more than 2 years from the date of production. After the expiration of the storage period, all residues must be disposed of in a specially designated place. The remnants of the working solution also cannot be stored, therefore, during the preparation of the solution, it is necessary to dilute so much of the drug so that no excess remains. Also discard all unused volume.
Other fungicides with the same action - "Falcon", "Soligor". They contain the same active ingredients, so they can replace the drug "Input" for the treatment of spring and winter wheat. You can also alternate means to prevent the emergence of resistance in microorganisms.
Bayer Fungicide Input has fast action and long lasting protection. No phytotoxicity was found after the tests. The drug is considered reliable for the prevention of fungal infections of wheat that develop during tillering. Effective against spot and powdery mildew, cercosporellosis. The effectiveness of the new fungicide reaches 90%. It is recommended to spray in spring and autumn when the air temperature does not rise above 15 ° C (under conditions when triazole fungicides are not effective enough). Bayer's Input takes effect immediately after spraying; a single treatment is enough for the final effect.