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Repaired types of berry crops have gained popularity among gardeners because they can be enjoyed all season long. Many plant hybrids have been bred, among which the description of the Atlant raspberry variety is interesting. Given the positive qualities of the culture, you can breed it on your site, getting yields of delicious berries every year.
Description and characteristics of raspberries
Before choosing raspberry seedlings, you must familiarize yourself with the characteristics of the variety. It is important for the gardener that the plant is unpretentious, tolerates a drop in air temperature well. It is necessary to pay attention to the resistance of the hybrid to diseases.
A distinctive feature of the Atlant raspberry is its high yield. The berries are harvested for the first time in mid-summer, July. The harvest ripens on biennial shoots. The second harvest takes place in August. They ripen on the shoots that appear in the spring. If you take proper care of the bushes, you can collect 3-4 kilograms of juicy and sweet raspberries from the bush.
Description of the bush and berries
The sort of remontant raspberry Atlant has:
- weak spreading of bushes;
- developed root system;
- shoot height up to 1.6 meters;
- thorns on the branches at the bottom of the bush;
- dark olive color of young shoots, and old ones with a slight waxy bloom;
- large dark green leaves, wrinkled, with jagged edges;
- berries of a dark red tone with a glossy sheen.
Raspberry fruits of an elongated-oval shape grow up to 6-8 grams each. The pulp contains more sugar than acid. Tasters give 4.2 points to the taste of the berries. When ripe, the raspberry does not crumble, it adheres firmly to the branches.
Disease and pest resistance
Summer residents who grow Atlant remontant raspberries on the site note that the variety rarely gets sick with fungal and viral infections. To protect the bushes from the attack of pathogenic microorganisms and insect pests, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures on time, to properly care for the crop.
The variety perfectly tolerates winters with severe frosts and heavy snowfalls. But in the steppe regions with little snowy weather, it is necessary to cover the shoots, first bending them to the ground. Straw and spruce branches are used as material. If the pruning of the bushes is carried out in the fall, then you do not need to cover the plantation. The roots survive the cold snap successfully.
And the variety is resistant to drought, since the root system of the plant is branched, powerful. The only thing is that the berries will be small and sour.
Juicy raspberries are suitable for:
- fresh consumption;
- making jam, compotes;
The stability of yields, high transportability and presentation of the fruit make it possible to choose a crop for growing on an industrial scale.
Advantages and disadvantages of the Atlant variety
A positive feature of the berry plant is that it:
- does not need a garter;
- tolerates heat, drought well;
- bears fruit until frost all summer with a short break;
- It does not require special care;
- yields in the first year after planting.
Raspberry fruits, when ripe, do not fall to the ground, but firmly adhere to the bushes. They rarely rot, lose their shape. They can be transported over long distances.
The disadvantages of the hybrid are that the taste of the berries is inferior to the usual, non-remontant types of raspberries. Although the plant itself is pollinated, other varieties of raspberries should be planted nearby for better berry setting.
Raspberry growing rules
The plantation of remontant raspberries should be laid competently and on time. Correct planting is important for the further development and growth of the crop, it plays a role in obtaining high yields.
The time for disembarkation is chosen depending on the climate. In the south, seedlings can be placed in open ground in the fall. The late start of winter will allow the raspberries to grow stronger, adapt and start growing.
In Siberia, in the Urals, in central Russia, it is better to plant the Atlant remontant hybrid in the spring. Over the summer, the bushes will have time to grow up, to be nourished with useful microelements. Then they will survive the winter successfully.
How to choose the right seedlings when buying
For cultivation, one-year seedlings are purchased, in which the thickness of the stem at the bottom of the root collar reaches 0.8-1.2 centimeters. Shoots should be:
- without damage;
- with 4-5 kidneys;
- with moist roots without areas of rot, cracks.
If the roots are long, then they are cut off. Their length when landing is at the level of 10-15 centimeters. The acquired shoots are shortened to 15-20 centimeters before planting.
Site selection and preparation
Care should be taken when choosing a site for a plantation of remontant raspberries. Indeed, in one place the plant will develop for 12 years. It is necessary to pay attention to sufficient lighting of the site. You can stop the selection at partial shade. Raspberries do not like drafts and direct rays of the sun. The groundwater level should be 1.5 meters. Only then will the culture receive plenty of moisture, which is important for it.
The soil is cleared of weeds. It has a particularly detrimental effect on the growth of berries of creeping wheatgrass and sow-thistle.A month before planting, they dig or plow a site 30-35 centimeters deep. Before that, up to 5-6 kilograms of manure, 30-40 grams of superphosphate are scattered on a square meter. Acidic soils need neutralization with ground limestone (0.2 kilograms).
It is better to carry out work in the fall, and after the snow melts, add 15-20 grams of ammonium nitrate for cultivation.
Process and scheme
There are several ways to plant Atlant raspberry shoots:
- The seedlings are placed in trenches at a distance of 90 centimeters from each other. The rows are laid with an interval of 1.5 meters.
- The nests are made 35 x 35 x 30 centimeters in size. 2-3 seedlings are placed in each. This gives a strong bush that bears fruit well.
- Clumps of seedlings are placed in groups of 2-3 in each with a distance of 60-70 centimeters.
- Use a triangular fit, placing the raspberries in the corners. The sides of the figure are 0.5 meters.
It is better to plant plants vertically so that the surface roots are located at a depth of 4-5 centimeters. Holding the culture shoot with the right hand, the hole is filled with the left. Then the soil is compacted and the plantation is watered.
The subtleties of plant care
To achieve the optimal ripening time for Atlant raspberries, it must be properly cared for. Agrotechnical measures taken in a timely manner will help plants to be resistant to natural disasters and diseases.
Watering and feeding
The planting of berry crops is moistened abundantly in the first year. Although the Atlanta variety is drought-resistant, the fruits will be small and dry if there is not enough moisture for the plants. Therefore, they are watered 3 to 5 times per season. Use 2-3 buckets of water for each bush. If the plot is mulched, then 3-4 buckets per square meter are enough.
Berry yields rise when fertilization is applied annually. In early spring, you need to feed with ammonium nitrate. 15-20 grams are bred in half a bucket of water and watered on the bushes.
Before the raspberries begin to ripen, they need to be watered with a slurry solution. From mineral fertilizers, you can take potassium salt (15 grams), saltpeter (10 grams) on a bucket of water. It is permissible to replace potassium salt with 30-50 grams of wood ash.
After picking berries in the fall, feeding raspberry bushes consists of superphosphate and potassium salt.
Weeding and loosening
It is necessary to weed the plantation of remontant raspberries regularly, do not wait until it is overgrown with weeds. In the summer, the row spacing is processed 4-5 times to a depth of 5-7 centimeters.
It is necessary to loosen the soil on the plantation after heavy rains and watering. If the soil is too dense, then food and air will not flow to the roots.
Mulching a plant
In arid regions, it is advisable to mulch the entire raspberry plantation. Mulch is laid with ribbons, filling the rows of the plant with a layer 8-10 centimeters thick, up to 70 wide. Usually they use manure, humus, tops of garden plants. Spread the mulch in a timely manner on damp, weed-free soil. In spring or autumn, they dig up layers, embedding them in the soil. This will solve the problem of feeding. And you need to water the mulched rows less.
Shrubs form by removing overgrowth annually. In the 3-4th year of the life of raspberries, up to 15 shoots are formed, not counting the fruiting ones. The rest are cut at the base. Removal is carried out by those offspring that are weak, densely located to each other. In June, before flowering, the bush should be rationed. Strong offspring leave 12-15 pieces so that they are at a distance of 15-20 centimeters from each other.
Old bushes are gradually replaced with young ones, formed from root shoots.
Preparing for winter
Repaired raspberries are pruned before wintering. Then the roots will overwinter successfully. If you only shortened the shoots, then you need to bend them to the ground, sprinkling the ends with earth. This work is carried out until mid-October.
As soon as the snow begins to fall, they try to cover the plantation with a fluffy snow blanket. In winters with little snow, coniferous paws, vegetable tops, and straw are used as a covering material.
Ailments and pests of culture
One of the common diseases of the Atlant raspberry variety can be purple spot. It is necessary to deal with it by spraying with Bordeaux liquid 2-3 times over the summer, starting from the period of exposing the buds. Then every 2-3 weeks. The drug "Rubigan", ammonium sulfate is effective against pathogenic fungi.
Of the pests, plantations of aphids, spider mites, raspberry weevils, and raspberry beetles can be infect.
Aphids are fought by spraying with tobacco broth. A kilogram of tobacco dust is infused for a day in 5 liters of water, then boiled for an hour. After settling, take 0.5 liters of broth, pour it into a bucket of water, add 100 grams of laundry soap. It remains to properly process the raspberry bushes.
The spider mite nests on the back of the leaf. The surface is pollinated with sulfur powder to eliminate the parasite. You can destroy the pest by processing using infusion of onion peels. The larvae of the raspberry beetle hide in the soil, so it is necessary to dig up the ground in August before winter. It is better to fight the weevil with insecticidal preparations.
To propagate the Atlant raspberry variety, you need:
- Prepare cuttings in the spring. They are laid in trenches, sprinkled with earth, covered with foil. Transplanted when young shoots appear.
- Fix the lateral shoot, cover with earth. When the roots appear, they are separated from the mother bush.
- Dig out root suckers and transplant them to another area.
- Prepare or purchase seeds. Plant raspberry seeds in the ground, keep in a warm place until sprouts sprout. Then put the seedlings on a lighted windowsill or in a greenhouse.
Faster and more successful is the cultivation of Atlant raspberries by vegetative methods. At the same time, the plants retain varietal characteristics.
Cleaning and storage rules
Raspberries are harvested as they ripen, first in July, and then at the end of August - September. Harvested within a month after the first ripe berries appear. Put the berries without a stalk in baskets. You can immediately process raspberries into jam. In a cold place, it will last for 4-6 days. It is better to harvest the fruits every 1-2 days. Then they will be moderately ripe, firm, and will keep their presentation well.