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Description of the Volochaevka cherry variety, tree characteristics, planting and care rules

Description of the Volochaevka cherry variety, tree characteristics, planting and care rules


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The description of the variety of the popular Volochaevka cherry will allow you to decide on the choice of a fruit tree for planting in your area. The variety is productive and easy to grow.

History of origin

To obtain a new variety of Volochaevka, Lyubskaya and Vladimirskaya cherries were crossed. In 1997, the new variety was entered in the State Register as a fruit tree intended for cultivation in the Central part. Volochaevka was bred by the breeder A.I. Evstratov.

Description of the variety

It is important to study the description of the variety before choosing a cherry variety, so as not to be disappointed. Volochaevskaya is characterized by high frost resistance.

But at a temperature of -30 degrees, the shoots freeze slightly, which negatively affects the health of the tree.

Volochaevka belongs to self-fertile varieties, therefore, to increase yields, you will not have to plant other varieties of cherry trees in the garden. Or attract bees to the garden for pollination.

Appearance

Another important point to consider before purchasing a seedling is the appearance of the tree. Attention is paid to the height of the trunk, the thickening of the crown and the characteristics of the fruit.

Wood

Cherry varieties Volochaevskaya in height reaches no more than 3 m. The tree is strongly leafy, the crown is thickened. The leaves are dark green, matte.

Fruit

Ripe fruits are large, the average weight is 4-5 g. The peel is thin, red-scarlet. The stone is not large, it is easily separated from the pulp. The pulp is a rich burgundy shade. The berries have a sweet taste with a slight sour taste. The fruits are suitable for cooking and preservation.

Variety characteristics

Important characteristics of any variety are yield, fruiting period and resistance to various diseases and insects.

Yield

Fruiting of the hybrid begins in the 4th year after planting the seedling. The yield is good, at least 15 kg of fruits are harvested from an adult tree. The tree bears fruit every year. The first ripe cherries appear at the end of July.

The term of fruiting suggests that Volochaevka belongs to late cherry hybrids.

Disease resistance

The resistance of the Volochaevka variety is average. It should be noted that cherry has good resistance to coccomycosis and monilial burn. To prevent the appearance of diseases, trees are regularly examined and preventive procedures are carried out.

Growing features

Planting is an important moment during which the foundation is laid for the future yield and health of the cherry. If you plant a seedling according to all the rules of agricultural technology, then the cherry will give a good harvest every year.

Choosing a landing site

It is recommended to plant the variety in April. For planting a seedling, preference should be given to open sunny areas on a hill. Cherry does not like stagnant water near the trunk, as is often the case in spring in the lowlands. Areas that are in partial shade are also suitable. Planting plants in places where the sun's rays do not fall is not recommended.

Landing

Planting the Volochaevka hybrid is no different from planting other cherry varieties. Stages of planting Volochaevskaya cherries:

  • Dig a hole to a depth of at least 1 m and a width of at least 70 cm.
  • Pour manure, nitrogen-containing fertilizers and wood ash at the bottom of the pit.
  • Leave the fertilizer hole for 2-3 weeks.
  • Before planting the seedling, dip it into a growth activator for several hours, and just before planting, dip the roots in an aqueous solution of clay.
  • Put the seedling in the hole, cover it with soil.
  • Tamp the ground near the trunk.
  • Drive a stake into the center of the hole and tie the stem of the seedling to it.

At the end of planting, water the seedling with a bucket (4-5 liters) of warm water.

Care

Cherry tree care includes watering, crown formation and disease prevention.

Watering

The cherries are watered four times per season:

  • The first watering is carried out before the appearance of the buds.
  • The second time the cherry is watered during flowering.
  • The third is after fruiting.
  • The last time the tree is watered is before frost.

Pour cherries with warm water only.

Pruning

Pruning is carried out in spring and autumn. Formative pruning is carried out in the spring. Cut off young growth and part of the branches. A few skeletal branches are left. In the fall, dry, damaged branches are cut off.

Pests and prevention

For coccomycosis, cherry trees are sprayed with Bordeaux liquid and urea solution. After harvesting, all leaves are destroyed. Spraying with the preparation "Poliram" helps against anthracnose. Plants are sprayed three times per season.

The preparations "Iskra" and "Intavir" help against aphids. Weevils and moths are destroyed with the Kinmix and Karbofos chemicals. In addition to chemicals, folk remedies help. For example, it is helpful to spray trees with soapy water and wood ash. You can also plant garlic, valerian, or marigolds nearby. The smell of these plants repels many insects.


Watch the video: Growing Cherries: Commercial u0026 Home Garden (May 2022).