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Pear "In memory of Yakovlev" is an early autumn variety, which was obtained by researchers, breeders at the All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics and Selection of Fruit Plants named after I.V. Michurina together with the Michurinsky Agricultural University. In the crossbreeding work, the Tema variety and the French Olivier de Serre variety were involved as a parent pair.
The variety is very widespread in home gardening in our country and is most often sold by most plant nurseries.
Variety Description and Characterization
Adult plant of small size, fast growing. Crohn of medium density and rounded shape. Skeletal branches extend at right angles to the stem. Characterized by high arousal of the kidneys and a very good level of shoot formation. Fruiting on simple and complex gloves prevails. The shoots of average thickness are light brown in color and have a cranked type of structure with a small number of thorns and lentils. Curved kidneys are conical in shape, with a smooth surface and a very large subrenal pillow. The leaves are medium, obovate in shape, with a twisted tip and a slightly curved plate.
The flowers are white. They are collected in inflorescences, with separate petals. Insufficiently large fruits are often characterized by non-uniformity and have a wide pear-shaped shape. The skin is smooth, with a pronounced sheen. Coloring at the stage of removable ripeness is light yellow with a light and insufficiently extensive tan. At the stage of consumer ripeness, the main color is golden yellow, with an orange blush and a small amount of subcutaneous dots. The flesh is cream-colored, with a high level of juiciness, semi-oily type.
The period of active bearing occurs approximately three years after planting the plant in a permanent place. Characterized by a rapid increase in productivity. The average yield of an adult tree exceeds 25 kg of fruit per fruit tree. In conditions of seed stock, there is the possibility of compacted planting, which is especially important in small areas of garden and household plots. Varietal features made it possible to widely use the Pamyat Yakovlev pear in breeding with the aim of breeding dwarf ones with a high level of winter hardiness and resistance to many diseases of varieties.
Pear "In memory of Yakovlev": variety description
Despite the unpretentiousness, it is recommended to grow pear trees in well-lit areas that are quickly warmed up by the sun and have full protection from the through wind. It is undesirable to plant fruit seedlings in the shading of large plants and tall garden trees. It is best if the landing is carried out at a certain height. It is strictly forbidden to allocate plots in lowlands for growing pears of this variety, where there is a high risk of accumulation of cold air masses or melt water in the spring.
For planting young pear trees, slightly acidic soils are ideally suited in areas without close occurrence of groundwater. Preliminary, soil enrichment should be carried out. As the most effective fertilizer, it is recommended to use for making a mixture based on humus, lime and the main mineral components in the form of superphosphate and potassium chloride. The presence of strong acidification of the soil on the site requires a preliminary liming.
The description of the pear called "In memory of Yakovlev" suggests a fairly high level of winter hardiness of the plant, but in the soil and climatic conditions of central Russia, it is preferable to carry out spring planting of seedlings. Planting a pear of this variety in the autumn is possible only in the conditions of home gardening in the southern regions of our country.
When conducting spring planting, the site must be carefully and correctly prepared since the fall. To this end, dig a landing pit, the dimensions of which will be 70x70 or 80x80 cm, and depth may vary depending on fertility and soil texture. On lighter, more fertile and breathable soils, the depth can be 0.7-0.8 m, and when planting in heavy soils, landing pits with a depth of 0.9-1.0 m will be required.
Two buckets of humus and one and a half buckets of coarse sand, as well as a glass of superphosphate and a third of a glass of potassium sulfate should be added to the topsoil obtained by digging a planting pit. The root system of a pear seedling should be carefully and carefully distributed over the planting pit, and then carefully sprinkled with prepared soil mixture and a little tamped. Immediately after planting, abundant watering is performed and a layer of organic mulch is laid that protects the soil from excessive drying. To obtain a higher yield, it is recommended to plant pollinating varieties.
Plant Care Activities
Proper care of pear plantings is a guarantee of long-term plant productivity and obtaining abundant, stable yields of high-quality fruits. Yakovlevskaya pear is prone to independent formation of the crown, but in order to reduce the risk of infection by diseases or pests, as well as to prevent overloading the crown of the crop, it is necessary to carry out sanitary, shaping and anti-aging trimmings in a timely manner. Also, the list of necessary care measures includes top dressing, which should be supplemented by abundant watering.
It is very important to feed fruit trees at least three times per season. In early spring, at the stage of awakening, plants need mineral and nitrogen-containing fertilizers, which have a beneficial effect on the flowering and formation of pear ovaries. In the summer, you can limit yourself to the introduction of organic fertilizers. In autumn, it is pearier to restore the forces spent during the fruiting period and to prepare well for the winter. Therefore, during this period, the basis for feeding should be fertilizers with a high content of potassium and phosphorus. Young plants may need shelter if severe frosts are expected during the winter.
Gardeners reviews and tips
In general, the reviews of domestic gardeners about this variety are positive, due to the versatility of use and high quality indicators of fruits. The ripened crop is very well kept on the branches, is not prone to shedding and is suitable for transportation over long distances. The variety "In memory of Yakovlev" compares favorably with self-fertility, a high level of winter hardiness and disease resistance, including scab foliage.
How to plant a pear
Nevertheless, when cultivating pears of this variety under the conditions of home gardening, one should remember about insufficient drought tolerance, the formation of unaligned fruits with stonyness in the pulp. Productive adult plants are very responsive to irrigation and, subject to the regime of irrigation measures, form fruits with the best possible marketable and taste indicators.