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Pink currants Pink Pearls - a hybrid variety of red currants, which was first bred by Canadian breeders in the 80s of the last century. It is distinguished by the complete absence of traditional currant acidity and rather large fruits (average size - 0.9 g). It is also important that this variety is unpretentious to environmental conditions. It grows well in both temperate and tropical climatic zones. The closest relative of the variety is Pink Muscat, which is slightly different in taste (sourness is present), but at the same time has larger fruits (average size - 1.1 g).
Pink Currant Breeding
Despite the fact that pink currant is a derivative of red, there are a lot of differences between them. First, the bushes of the first are more sprawling, so the berries are better protected from the scorching sun, and the soil retains a greater amount of moisture. The root system is identical, but Pink Pearls have more lateral sprouts. Apparently, precisely because of this, its fruits are significantly larger than that of the traditional red, for example, Marmeladnitsa variety (a very common variety among Russian gardeners).
Pink currants also differ in yield. From one bush on average you can get over 7 kg, for which it is also called industrial. For comparison: up to 3.5 kg can be collected from ordinary red currant. Plus, the latter is susceptible to numerous diseases, among which late blight is most common (with an excess of moisture). The fruits of pink currants can only be damaged by pests, but they are quite easy to handle. For example, this is possible due to the combined pesticide Caesar and its derivatives (by the way, it was developed by Russian scientists).
The only drawback that pink currant varieties are subject to is the area required for each bush. Standard landing pattern:
the distance between the rows is not less than 1.2 m;
seedlings are placed with a span of 2 m;
planting depth - 80 cm (20 cm is a mixture of humus, straw and barley grains, which, when germinated and rotted, produce heat).
Pink currant seedlings must be planted before winter, and not in the spring, since their root sprouts only at high soil moisture. Accordingly, the growth rate is kept at 65-70%. But in the future with such a currant there will be substantially less problems in terms of care. Artificial irrigation is optional. It is enough to water 2 times a month in dry weather, supplementing it with amophos fertilizers.
It is also necessary to mention that the shrubs of the Pink Pearl variety also have an attractive appearance, so that they can be used as ornamental.
Growing currants pink varieties
Pink currant bears fruit, starting in mid-July (medium and medium late ripening). For small areas and flower beds it is better to choose Pink Pearls, since it is allowed to combine with the same strawberries, raspberries. In this case, the only requirement is to free the area with a diameter of 120 cm for the growth of the rhizome of the bush.
For lovers of delicate taste, the ideal option is pink currant Muscat. By the way, it is considered one of the largest among red subspecies. But for her, a rather large area for each bush is needed. Along with this, seedlings are planted only in well-prepared soil. In particular, mineral fertilizers, Nitroammofoska, pesticides against ground pests are introduced into it (in the early stages of bush growth, even minimal root damage will be critical).
Varieties of pink currants are best grown on chernozem.
On clay soil, the crop will still be good, but you should not rely on large fruits. The average cluster size is 7 × 12 cm (width and height, respectively). It is allowed to grow in greenhouse conditions, but under agrofiber, which transmits about 40-60% of ultraviolet radiation. Under artificial light, pink currants are not grown.
Red currant, unlike pink, is planted mostly in the shaded parts of the garden and almost 1 time in 4-5 years, practically does not bear fruit. Pink pearls do not have such drawbacks and, with proper care and favorable conditions, yield 2 times a year (daily average temperature not lower than 12 ° C for 7 months). Remember that only with proper care you can get a rich harvest.