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Apricot "Shalah" is quite popular not only in our country, but also abroad. It is also known to many gardeners under the names "Shalagi", "Lemon" or "Yerevan". This old variety of folk selection was bred in Armenia and is unpretentious and highly resistant. The fruits ripen fully from the last decade of June to mid-July.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Fruit stands are characterized by strong growth. An adult productive plant has a fairly thick and wide crown. Trees of this variety enter the fruiting stage in about the fourth year. Fruiting is annual and plentiful. The average yield from one adult productive tree is about 110-205 kg, and when grown in favorable soil and climatic conditions and strict adherence to high agricultural technology, the yield can exceed 350 kg.
Large ripened apricots. Their shape can be either elongated or oval-ovoid, or ellipsoidal with a rather narrow but clearly visible abdominal suture. The surface of the fruit is characterized by a slight tuberosity. The main color is pinkish-yellow, light or pale fawn. On some fruits, a delicate, blurry type, pale raspberry staining, tan or blush forms.
Taste and quality characteristics of ripened fruits are good. The skin is relatively dense, with pubescence, without gloss, with attractive velvety. The pulp is average in terms of density, quite juicy, not powdery, creamy. Sugar content is average. The bone is medium-sized, very easily separated from the ripe pulp. At the stage of severe over-ripening in the fruits, quite often the formation of coarse fibers is observed. The harvest is transportable, can be stored for a week, suitable for drying.
The well-known and popular apricot variety "Shalakh" belongs to the category of self-infertile, therefore, it needs to be planted in the household plot of pollinating varieties, similar in terms of flowering. The peculiarity of the variety is resistance to damage to fruits, foliage and kidneys by spotting.
Apricots: variety selection
Planting varietal seedlings is best done in the spring, before the stage of active vegetation of the fruit plant. The choice of a place for placing apricot plantations on a personal plot should be approached very responsibly. Landings must be placed in a sunny and warm place, which will be maximally protected from gusts of winds and stagnation of cold air masses. As for the soil, it is advisable to give preference to areas with loamy and light loamy soils.
About two weeks before the planned planting or even in the fall, it is required to prepare planting pits 60 x 60 cm in size with a depth of at least 70 cm.In the central part of the pit, a peg is required to tie the seedling trunk, it is desirable to form a drainage layer. The planting pit must be filled with a mixture based on peat and fertile soil with a small addition of mineral components. Apricot seedlings should be placed so that the root neck of the plant is necessarily located 6-7 cm above the soil level.
Plant Care Features
Apricot variety "Shalah" does not require much time and effort when growing. FROMroutine care activities include irrigation procedures and systematic top dressing.
Weeding and loosening of soil in near-stem circles are important, especially after rains and watering. Top dressing can be either root or foliar, in the form of spraying plants with nutrient solutions along the leaves. It is very important to timely and correctly carry out pruning and crown formation, which will allow you to get the most fruitful and fruit tree that is quite convenient for care.
Proper crown formation
Pruning of the crown of apricot trees of the Shalah variety can be carried out both in spring and in autumn. Such an event is aimed at sanitary processing of plants, as well as the formation of a convenient crown or rejuvenation of fruit stands.
Pruning is necessary for apricot trees to form a full and most productive crown. Also, this procedure allows you to create optimal lighting for all branches, provides high-quality growth and helps to regulate yield indicators. All old and diseased branches are subject to pruning. Also it is necessary to remove branches growing in an upright position and thickening the crown.
We also suggest that you learn about the varietal characteristics of the Tsarsky apricot.
Gardeners reviews and tips
Experienced gardeners advise in autumn and early spring to cover with a special whitewash the stem of the apricot tree to a fork, due to frequent damage to the bark as a result of exposure to sunlight.
How to prune apricot
Variety "Shalah" has proven itself in home gardening. However, the relatively low winter hardiness of this apricot allows it to be cultivated exclusively in the southern regions, with warm and mild climatic conditions. The variety is perfect for cultivation for amateur gardeners and beginners, inexperienced summer residents due to their unpretentiousness and responsiveness to standard care.