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Pear Lyubimitsa Yakovleva is a fairly old variety bred by eminent breeders Yakovlev and Michurin at the All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics and Fruit Plant Breeding. The progenitor of the variety is the Daughter of Blankova and Bergamot Esperin. Having inherited the best features from them, this pear quickly took root in the gardens of the Central, Middle Volga and Central Black Earth regions. Initially, Yakovleva’s favorite was grown on an industrial scale, but was later replaced by more “young” varieties. However, in amateur gardens, this powerful tall tree is still found.
Description of the pear Lyubimits Yakovlev
The variety Lyubimitsa Yakovleva, undeservedly “pushed” into the backyard of Russian gardens, is distinguished by its rapid growth and large size. The crown of this tree by nature has a wide pyramidal crown. Skeletal branches grow almost horizontally, which makes it easier to care for the tree, the density of covering the branches with leaves is average.
The bark on the stem and on large branches is gray, uniformly colored, without pronounced roughness and folds. Shoots are not thick, with poorly developed "rings" and an abundance of ringworm and spears. It is on them that the main crop is formed. Buds of medium size, spiky, pressed to the shoots.
Leaf blades typical of pear shape and size, noticeably curved, have a pronounced complexity along the central vein. The tip of the leaves is pointed and has a noticeable torsion to the side. Stipules are lanceolate and small in size. Petiole of medium length. The flowers are simple, occasionally weak double, white, collected in inflorescences in the form of a shield of 7-10 pieces. The variety description contains information that Lyubimitsa Yakovleva blooms later than other varieties.
Fruit characterization and yield
Variety Lyubimitsa Yakovleva refers to autumn subspecies. The first fully ripened fruits appear on it by the beginning of September. Pears of this variety rarely grow large - the mass of one rarely exceeds 180 g.
The fruit is broad-pear-shaped, smooth, with pronounced one-dimensionality. The skin is of medium thickness, light green, with a slight greenish tint, but without rust. The so-called tan on them is rarely formed, and is very weakly expressed. The subcutaneous points are numerous, clearly visible. The lower part of the fruit (saucer) has a noticeable ribbing, however, the funnel remains shallow, un rusted. Fruit setting increases when planting next to the Yakovlev Lubaritsa pear variety Duchesse summer.
Cream pear pulp with pronounced granularity and quince aroma. The taste is sour, but at the same time quite sweet. Tolerance fruits acquire only in adverse years. At the same time, gardener reviews contain information on increasing the number and size of stony cells that make pears less tasty. The purpose of the fruit is universal. They are suitable for preserves in the form of jams and compotes, and are also kept fresh for up to 3 months.
The productivity of pears of the variety Lyubimitsa Yakovleva is higher than average, although the trees begin to bear fruit only for 5-7 years after planting. In the first and second year, no more than 1 kg of marketable fruits is harvested from one plant, but after 3 years, the yield reaches 20 kg from a tree. With the onset of full fruiting (tree age 10-17 years), the yield often exceeds 150 kg per tree.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Whatever they say about Lyubimits Yakovlev’s pear, still this variety is one of the best for growing in the middle lane and the Moscow Region. A high degree of resistance to cold and late flowering make it unattainable for winter lingering frosts and spring return cooling with snowfalls and without them. Even after very severe winters, gardeners will not have to thoroughly thin out the tree crown due to the death of shoots. All this contributes to a good harvest.
Of the lack of variety, reviews of gardeners mention only the presence of stony cells in the fruits, which also increase in dry and cold years. Because of this, the flesh of the fruit may seem coarse. Another drawback of Yakovlev's Favorite, which pear lovers talk about, is the crown size is too large. Because of this, gardeners may have problems with planting planning and placing neighbors next to it. In addition, such dimensions make plant care difficult.
How to plant a pear
Caring for Yakovlev’s Favorite differs little from the process of caring for other pears. The only thing that a beginner gardener should pay attention to is the protection of young seedlings from freezing. In this case, it is necessary to insulate not only the boles and skeletal branches, but also the root system. Ideal for this straw lupine or other siderates. In addition to protective functions, it will enrich the soil composition with mineral substances and improve its composition.
Watering and feeding
During the growing season, pear requires regular watering. By the way, this type of fruit prefers moisturizing by sprinkling. This should be done early in the morning or closer to sunset, so as not to cause burns. If it is impossible to irrigate the crown, it is recommended to make a shallow ditch in the tree trunk circle, into which water will pour (at least 30 liters under a tree for 5-7 years, more for older adults).
During the summer, watering should be combined with top dressing. It can be:
- organic infusions that are applied to the soil during irrigation annually;
- a mixture of mineral fertilizers, introduced annually, starting from the second year after planting a pear;
- organic matter in the form of humus - is introduced once every three years along a tree-trunk circle for digging.
Important! The older the tree, the more careful you need to be with top dressing! To stimulate the growth of new shoots and normalize productivity, it is better to resort to anti-aging pruning than to "feed" the pear.
Pear tree pruning
It is recommended to form a pear Lyubimitsa Yakovleva in accordance with the canons generally accepted for pears:
- Crown do sparse-tier or free-growing palmette.
- Remove all thickening and disturbing branches and shoots on the ring.
- Shorten the branches by no more than a quarter of their length.
- Regularly carry out sanitary pruning.
Diseases and Pests
Several types of insects can damage the plant and its fruits directly:
- Damaging leaves, flowers and shoots - hawthorn, weevils, tarsi, leafworms.
- Damaging fruits - codling moths.
- Feeding on tree juices - ticks, scale insects.
Having protected the garden from them, the gardener can not worry about the health of his pears, because many pests carry diseases. To avoid their resettlement in the garden, you can perform simple actions:
- to clean the garden of fallen leaves, especially in autumn;
- thoroughly clean the bark on the boles and whitewash them with lime with the addition of various insecticides and acaricides;
- dig up near-stem circles or deeply loosen them in spring and autumn.
When these insects appear on the site, you can resort to the use of Thunder, Aktar and colloidal sulfur preparations.
You may also be interested in an article in which we talk about the pear of the Severyanka variety.
Pear: growing and care
Reviews from gardeners
Pear Lyubimitsa Yakovleva has long been included in the list of classical varieties by gardeners. Despite the inconvenient crown size for many gardeners and the periodic deterioration of fruit quality due to unstable temperatures, this variety continues to gain new fans. Those who planted it on their site continue to care for the tree even tens of years after planting, and they are not going to abandon their favorites.